Claire C. Carr Named to 2020 Best Lawyers List

August 15, 2019 — KPM LAW is pleased to announce that Claire C. Carr been included in the 2020 Edition of The Best Lawyers in America©.  Since it was first published in 1983, Best Lawyers has become universally regarded as the definitive guide to legal excellence. Claire, AV-rated by Martindale-Hubbell, has served as the managing partner of KPM’s Workers’ Compensation department since 1999. As such, she has defended claims on behalf of large national corporations, insurance carriers, and others. She has performed insurance defense litigation in approximately 75 jury trials and since 2000 has practiced exclusively in workers’ compensation defense. Claire tailors every defense to the unique needs of her clients and is celebrated for her exceptional commitment to those claims adjusters and supervisors, safety managers and risk managers with whom she partners. Best Lawyers has published their list for over three decades, earning the respect of the profession, the media, and the public as the most reliable, unbiased source of legal referrals. Its first international list was published in 2006 and since then has grown to provide lists in over 75 countries. Best Lawyers was founded in 1981 with the purpose of highlighting the extraordinary accomplishments of those in the legal profession. After three decades, we are proud to continue to serve as the most reliable, unbiased source of legal referrals worldwide,” says CEO Phillip Greer. Lawyers included on The Best Lawyers in America list are divided by geographic region and practice areas. They are reviewed by their peers on the basis of professional expertise, and undergo an authentication process to make sure they are in current practice and...

Responding Offensively to Lawsuits

Written by Brian Clarry, Esq. Edited by Bill Pfund, Esq. Perhaps it is my bias as a civil defense attorney, but in many of the motor vehicle accident cases I handle, after reviewing the facts and speaking with the insured, I’m almost offended that the plaintiff brought a lawsuit in the first place. And regularly the insured defendant is incensed that they are being sued at all, especially if fault is questionable or the plaintiff did not appear injured at the scene. Consider the case of a car crash with a murky fact set in which liability is a toss-up, or even one in which negligence of the plaintiff is slightly more likely. While plaintiff may indeed have suffered property damage and personal injury, often the insured defendant also sustained property damage and in some cases even their own personal injury, however minor. In that case, the insured defendant has as much of a right to sue and recover from plaintiff. The counterclaim is the ideal tool to respond offensively when sued, but it is underutilized in the insurance defense industry. What’s striking is the breadth of Virginia Supreme Court Rule 3:9, which provides: A defendant may, at that defendant’s option, plead as a counterclaim any cause of action that the defendant has against the plaintiff or all plaintiffs jointly, whether or not it grows out of any transaction mentioned in the complaint, whether or not it is for liquidated damages, whether it is in tort or contract, and whether or not the amount demanded in the counterclaim is greater than the amount demanded in the complaint.[1] Granted, there...

UPDATE: Just When You Thought You Knew Everything About Pay and Quit Pursuant 38.2-2206 Here Comes the General Assembly Again!

Written by Daniel Royce, Esq. Edited by Bill Pfund, Esq. In 2015, the Virginia General Assembly enacted significant changes to two statutes pertaining to settlement of underinsured motorist claims and subrogation rights of underinsured motorist carriers. The revisions specifically impacted Virginia Code Section 38.2-2206 and added a new statute at 8.01-66.1:1.  The stated purpose of these changes was to expedite uninsured and underinsured motorist payments.  These changes went into effect for policies issued or renewed on or after January 1, 2016. In short, the 2016 revision represented a sea change in how UIM claims would be handled with significant changes impacting both liability and underinsured motorist carriers in the following ways: The liability carrier became able to tender policy limits in exchange for complete settlement and release of the defendant/tortfeasor and the liability carrier. Acceptance of the liability carrier’s limits by the injured party extinguished the primary liability carrier’s duty to defend. The duty being extinguished upon payment of the liability limits (not merely acceptance of the offer). A settlement under these provisions extinguished the UIM carrier’s right of subrogation against underinsured defendant, and Upon being released, the defendant/tortfeasor has statutory duties to reasonably cooperate with the UIM carrier in its defense of the case. 2016 Changes to Virginia Code 38.2-2206 The statute governing uninsured and underinsured motorist coverage is located in Virginia Code Section 38.2-2206. Prior to the 2016 revision, the liability carrier was permitted to pay limits in cases where the injured person had UIM coverage. However, such payment did not secure release of the liability carrier or it’s insured. Significantly, the liability carrier retained the duty...

Summary Judgment Is Becoming More Viable in Virginia

Written by Kate Adams, Esq. Edited by Bill Pfund, Esq.  Summary judgment in Virginia state courts, unfortunately, has been akin to finding a four leaf clover, we all know it exists but it is rarely ever granted. However, with the passage of Senate Bill 1486 and a recent decision from Judge David Bernhard of Fairfax Circuit Court, the constraints regarding the type of evidence a court may consider when hearing such motions  is expanding, making summary judgment more attainable. As reported in the KPM April 2019 Newsletter, Senate Bill 1486 has passed and went into effect on July 1, 2019 which expands the provisions of Virginia Code §8.01-420 and provides that “discovery depositions under Rule 4:5 and affidavits may be used in support of or opposition to a motion for summary judgment in any action when the only parties to the action are business entities and the amount at issue is $50,000 or more.” Although this change is narrowly tailored to business entities and cases where the amount at issue is over $50,000, this may pave the way for more opportunities to obtain summary judgment in Virginia. A May 24, 2019 ruling by Judge Bernhard addressed the type of evidence a court can consider when ruling on a motion for summary judgment. In HCP Properties-Fair Oaks of Fairfax VA LLC v. County of Fairfax, Judge Bernhard considered “whether a party can use a deposition of a Corporate Designee of an adverse party in support of its “Plea in Bar” seeking the dismissal of an action, in light of the stricture of Virginia Code §8.01-420 on the use of depositions...

Virginia’s Sovereign Immunity Doctrine, Emergency Vehicles, and Uninsured Motorist Coverage

Written by Andy Webb, Esq. Edited by Gary Reinhardt, Esq. What is Sovereign Immunity? The doctrine of sovereign immunity is “a government’s immunity from being sued in its own courts without its consent.”  Black’s Law Dictionary, 4th Pocket Ed.: “Sovereign Immunity”.  The doctrine is as old as American law itself.  Like many of the initial common law doctrines in America’s jurisprudence, the doctrine of sovereign immunity grew out of British law.  The famous 18th century English legal scholar, William Blackstone, described the reasoning behind the doctrine when he said “the law also ascribes to the king in his political capacity, absolute perfection. . . The king can do no wrong . . . The king moreover, is not only incapable of doing wrong, but even of thinking wrong.”  1 William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Law of England 245 (1809) (emphasis in original). Over the generations, the absolute immunity ascribed to the king by Blackstone has slowly eroded.  For example, the Virginia General Assembly waived sovereign immunity in certain situations when it passed the Virginia Tort Claim Act—Va. Code Ann. §8.01-195.3—which allows citizens to directly sue the Commonwealth.  Despite the gradual erosion of the doctrine, “sovereign immunity is ‘alive and well’ in Virginia.”  Messina v. Burden, 228 Va. 301 (1984). Governmental Employees and Sovereign Immunity As noted by the Virginia Supreme Court, “The Commonwealth of Virginia functions only through its elected and appointed officials and its employees” and “[i]f because of the threat of litigation . . . they cannot act, or refuse to act, the state [itself] also ceases to act.”  James v. Jane, 221 Va. 43 (1980).  This...

Swimming Pool Liability Issues

Written by JH Revere, Esq. Summer is in swing and a review of swimming pool liability issues seems in order.  First the statutory law on the subject: Virginia Code § 15.2-921 states in part: For the purposes of this section: “Swimming pool” includes any outdoor man-made structure constructed from material other than natural earth or soil designed or used to hold water for the purpose of providing a swimming or bathing place for any person or any such structure for the purpose of impounding water therein to a depth of more than two feet. “Fence” means a close type vertical barrier not less than four feet in height above ground surface.  A woven steel wire, chain link, picket or solid board type fence or a fence of similar construction which will prevent the smallest of children from getting through shall be construed as within this definition. Any locality may adopt ordinances making it unlawful for any person to construct, maintain, use, possess or control any pool on any property in such locality, without having a fence completely around such swimming pool. .              .              . Any such ordinance may be made applicable to swimming pools constructed before, as well as those constructed after, the adoption thereof. Virtually all localities in Virginia have adopted a swimming pool ordinance requiring fencing (at least four [4] feet in height) with a lockable gate.  The failure to comply with a local ordinance would be construed as negligence per se under most circumstances (drowned minor). Further the Virginia Code permits local municipalities to “regulate and inspect the operation, maintenance, and use of public swimming pools,...